Welcome to Juneau, we refer to it as the Capital City. The City and Borough of Juneau (CBJ), Alaska. Juneau is located in the Panhandle of Southeast Alaska, 900 air miles north of Seattle and 600 air miles southeast of Anchorage. The current population of Juneau is 31,275. The economy is based on government, tourism, mining, and fishing. Juneau is one of the most beautiful state capitals in the nation.